A. Philip Randolph Boulevard during the 1940s. (Ellie Lee Weems)

During the first half of the 20th century, A. Philip Randolph Boulevard was the center of commerce for African-Americans living in Jacksonville’s Eastside community.

Stretching several blocks from the St. Johns River up to East 8th Street and known as “The Avenue”, the corridor was the place to see and be seen and also connected to downtown with a streetcar line that ran down its center.

A dense, pedestrian friendly strip, its continuous line of mixed use buildings were occupied with mom and pop shops, restaurants and clubs, including the Blue Ridge Inn, Charlie Joseph’s grocery store, Johns Furniture and Bill’s Clothing.

Famed residents that frequented this strip include internationally known individuals like Asa Philip Randolph, Zora Neale Hurston, James Weldon Johnson, Billy Daniels, and A.L. Lewis.

North of the Mathews Bridge, A. Philip Randolph Boulevard is lined with historic commercial storefronts, local businesses, parks and home to popular events such as the Jax Melanin Market. The economic foundation of the Eastside, the opportunity exists to revitalize this section of the thoroughfare as a complementary commercial district to the mixed-use development being proposed further south in the Sports & Entertainment District, resulting in a one mile stretch of continuous economic activity from the proposed Shipyards Park to A. Philip Randolph Park.

Like many historic Black commercial districts across the country and in preconsolidated Jacksonville, the Avenue’s fortunes forever changed during the 1950s and 1960s, as a result of redlining, racial riots, expressway construction and ultimately what is now known as the Sports & Entertainment District.

In recent years, a coalition of neighborhood residents, business owners and nonprofits have been working to restore and revitalize the Avenue back into its rightful place as one of urban Jacksonville’s most vibrant mixed-use, pedestrian friendly commercial districts.

Recently released renderings by 1st Downtown Jacksonville show a mixed-use district around the stadium but provide very little detail around how the Eastside’s A. Philip Randolph will be addressed.

Recently, 1st Downtown Jacksonville and Jacksonville Jaguars publicly released plans for the Stadium of the Future and the development of a mixed-use sports district on land in the Eastside community and the southern segment of A. Philip Randolph Boulevard that was erased decades ago for the creation of the Sports & Entertainment District. The project, which could cost as much as $2.068 billion, with the city paying fifty percent of the cost, has led to many residents across town being concerned with further gentrification and displacement of the Eastside community.

As a result, team President Mark Lamping mentioned that the team is looking to develop property surrounding the stadium, but not gentrify to the point where current Eastside residents can no longer afford to live in their neighborhood.

““What that is designed to do is bring about needed change in the neighborhood in the way that residents want, so they don’t get displaced; but, there are services — so they are not a food desert any longer, it’s a safer neighborhood — all of those things,” Lamping said.”

In addition to the Jacksonville Jaguars, proposed projects such as the renovation of 121 Financial Ballpark and a planned soccer stadium for the Jacksonville Armada FC should intentionally explore opportunities to add businesses facing A. Philip Randolph Boulevard that can be open on an everyday basis, as a means of a larger vision to restore life to one of the city’s historic pedestrian scale mixed-use corridors.

While most of the Stadium of the Future conversation has focused around the stadium itself, it is time to turn our attention to the needs of the surrounding community, its on-going withintrification efforts and a big economic opportunity that the city of Jacksonville, Jacksonville Jaguars and others can play a significant role in. That is the redevelopment of the neighborhood’s historic commercial district, A. Philip Randolph Boulevard, as a true gateway to the Eastside to the Sports and Entertainment District. Much more important than an improved stadium, this is an unique opportunity to to revitalize a significant part of the city that has long been ignored and disenfranchised since consolidation.

Smaller infill projects underway, including RISE Sportstown and That Bar at the Arena (pictured above), along with Intuition Ale Works and Manifest Distilling, have already provided the direction and foundation for the proposed mixed-use district to follow. That foundation and direction treats A. Philip Randolph Boulevard as a central focus and gateway, rather than a seldom discussed back door to the Sports and Entertainment District and greater Outeast community.

Here is a visual look at a few sports related mixed-use projects that have placed extra emphasis in their plans around the revitalization of the adjacent community’s historic commercial districts.

Greenwood District

Tulsa, Oklahoma

Known as the Black Wall Street, due to the large number of successful businesses and wealthy African American inhabitants, Tulsa’s historic Greenwood neighborhood was destroyed in a race riot on June 1, 1921. As late as the early 2000s, the neighborhood and its central commercial district, Greenwood Avenue, were dominated with vacant lots and underutilized buildings.

In April 2010, Oneok Field, a $40 million minor league baseball stadium in the Greenwood neighborhood. The project also included complementary mixed-use development in the surrounding area. Intended to be more directly connected to its urban surroundings than the facility it replaced, the project has led to Greenwood Avenue being a destination that has attracted more people to Greenwood, creating new economic opportunities for businesses along Greenwood Avenue.

District Detroit

Detroit, Michigan

Woodward Avenue is one of the five principal avenues of Detroit. Platted in 1805 by Judge Augustus B. Woodward, the highway is called “Detroit’s Main Street.” Throughout the city’s history, Woodward has served as Detroit’s central commercial spine. Devastated by Detroit’s economic decline following World War II, Woodward just north of Downtown Detroit had become a place for Detroit Tiger MLB and Detroit Lions NFL fans to park on game day by the 21st century.

With the 2017 opening of the $862.9 million Little Caesars Arena, this is not the case anymore. The new home of the Detroit Red Wings also serves as the flagship of a new $2.1 billion, 650,000 square foot sports and entertainment district known as District Detroit. Anchoring District Detroit, along with existing MLB and NFL stadiums, the arena development is designed to be surrounded by offices, retail shops, restaurants and educational facilities, bringing life back to Woodward and the existing shops and businesses in the surrounding Midtown neighborhood.

18th & Vine District

Kansas City, Missouri

18th & Vine was a major Chitlin Circuit destination during segregation and a hub for Kansas City’s African American community. Like the Avenue, 18th & Vine was ravaged by urban renewal during the second half of the 20th century. In 1991, 35 buildings that remained, were added to the National Register of Historic Places.

During the late 1990s, the district became the home of the Negro Leagues Baseball Museum. This has led to a series of rehabilitation starts and stops over the past twenty years to bring East 18th Street back its former grandeur. Nevertheless, the use of a baseball museum and the Kansas City MLB Urban Youth Academy to anchor the historic strip and a focus on preserving what remains and complementing it with appropriate infill mixed-use development has resulted in a district where sports, art, music, history and cuisine collide.

Historic Gas Plant District Redevelopment

St. Petersburg, Florida

Just west of Downtown St. Petersburg, the Gas Plant neighborhood was one of the city’s oldest and tightly knit African American communities. Nearly in existence for a century, much of the Gas Plant neighborhood was displaced as the city moved forward with building a stadium to lure an Major League Baseball team to Tampa Bay. That stadium, which uprooted Black residents from their neighborhood became today’s Tropicana Field and home of the Tampa Bay Rays franchise.

In recent years, the City has decided to attempt to fulfill unrealized promises to residents forced to relocate by bringing the area back to life with new attainable housing, business opportunities, and overall equitable and impactful economic development that benefits all.

These plans involve working with Hines and the Tampa Bay Rays to serve as the master developers for an 86-acre, $4.6 billion mixed-use district. This includes the redevelopment of the neighborhood’s 16 Street South corridor into a district that serves the surrounding community and an extension of a historic commercial strip that survives today, just south of the project. Additional community benefits include $500 million to assist small, local and minority business enterprises, 859 units of affordable/workforce housing and a $50 million Community Benefit Program to intentional equity initiatives in partnership with the South St. Petersburg community.

Editorial by Ennis Davis, AICP. Contact Ennis at edavis@moderncities.com